I've picked up a nice low end DSLR camera specifically FujiFilm's FinePix S4200
. I'm looking for tips to take better photos. I know understanding Exposures will be my biggest challenge, so I am really looking for some help with this
The best possible thing you can do is to take lots of pictures, try new things, evaluate what you like and don't like, and then learn ways to improve the parts you want to improve. I don't know if you ever visit the Perpetual Photography thread at OO, but that's a fantastic place to post pictures you've taken and get feedback from masters and magicians of the craft. Or post them here.
One thing you should know is that you don't have a DSLR. That S4200 would probably be called a "superzoom" or maybe an "SLR-like", but it doesn't have the features that set apart SLRs or the new world of mirrorless interchangeable cameras. I'd say the biggest ways that your camera differs from an SLR are the lack of interchangeable lenses (obviously) and a much much smaller sensor. The latter affects your camera's ability to collect light and avoid noise (speckly colors in the photo in low light situations).
But that's ok. You can take great pictures with your camera, too. It just helps to start to learn where the limits of what your camera can do.
If you're interested in books to help you learn, I really like The Digital Photography Book series by Scott Kelby. The first volume will teach you loads and loads, and it teaches in a very practical and easy-to-understand way. His approach to answer questions of "how do I get this
kind of shot", and use that as a platform to teach concepts. There's also The Camera, by Ansel Adams, which is timeless.
I also highly recommend you get familiar with some kind of photo manipulation software. Just about every photograph you've ever seen and been impressed with (pre or post-digital) has been touched up in some way. That doesn't mean you have to "photoshop" your pics in the usual sense of the word, but basic cropping, color correction, and contrast adjustment will do wonders for your pics.
I highly recommend Lightroom, which is relatively inexpensive. Lightroom works with you for the entire photo workflow, from getting your pics onto your computer and batch renaming, to organizing your library, to touchups, to printing or outputting for the web. What it does better than Photoshop in the photo manipulation is make it quick, simple, and reversable. Photoshop is intimidating, but Lightroom puts all the most commonly used adjustments on easy sliders. You can just fiddle with the sliders to see how your photo changes, which is a fantastic way to learn what everything does.
If you want a cheaper (free) option, Google's Picasa is free and does much of what Lightroom does. GIMP does a lot of the things Photoshop does.
But back to step 1: take pictures. If you've already taken a bunch of pics with your new camera, post a pic that you really like but wish could be better, and post a pic that you thought would be great when you snapped the shot but came out not being what you want. I'd be more than happy to give pointers or techniques that may help.